Keberadaan dan Evolusi Prinsip Common But Differentiated Responsibilities dalam Instrumen Hukum Internasional

Amira Bilqis, Arie Afriansyah


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memberikan gambaran terkait perkembangan prinsip CBDR, diikuti dengan elaborasi dua elemen, yaitu common responsibility dan differentiated responsibility serta memberikan penjelasan mengenai implementasi prinsip CBDR dalam beberapa instrumen hukum internasional.Penelitian yang dilakukan dengan metode yuridis normatif, di mana penelitian dilakukan dengan mengkaji taraf sinkronisasi instrumen internasional melalui studi kepustakaan.Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah kualitatif di mana penulis mengelaborasi kedudukan CBDR sebagai prinsip hukum lingkungan internasional melalui analisis implementasinya pada instrumen hukum internasional secara umum. Artikel ini berkesimpulan bahwa eksistensi prinsip CBDR dalam instrumen internasional terkait terdapat dalam tiga periode: awalan pembentukan prinsip, kristalisasi konsep dalam intrumen hukum internasional dan lahirnya aturan khusus sebagai bentuk lanjutan dari konsep CBDR khususnya dalam bidang perubahan iklim.



This article aims to provide an overview of the development of the CBDR, followed by an elaboration of two elements, the principle of general responsibility and differentiated responsibility as well as providing an explanation of the implementation of CBDR principles in several international legal instruments.The analysis conducted using the normative juridical method. It will examine international instruments through a literature study. The analysismethod used in this research is the qualitative method to convince the reader that CBDR is a principle of international environmental law through an analysis of its implementation on general international legal instruments. This article concludes that the existence of CBDR principles in related international instruments occurs in three periods: the beginning of the formation of principles, the crystalizing of concepts in international legal instruments and the birth of special rules as a continuation of the CBDR concept, especially in the field of climate change.


Climate Change; Common but Differentiated Responsibilities; Principles of Environmental Law.

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